What are DVD Region Codes and Video Standards?
DVD VIDEO REGION CODES:
DVD videos may be encoded for a single Region, multiple Regions, or uncoded (0) for playability in ALL regions. Festivals should accept Region 0 and their LOCAL region, BUT WE RECOMMEND FILMMAKERS USE REGION 0 FOR THEIR FESTIVAL SUBMISSIONS FOR WIDEST COMPATIBILITY.
When filmmakers apply through Withoutabox, the System checks to make sure a DVD will be readable by the festival based on your selections here. All DVD videos must specify BOTH a Region and a Standard (see below) for compatibility to be assured. If you do not know, contact the producer of your DVDs (for filmmakers) or DVD players (for festivals).
0 Uncoded to be played Worldwide
1 USA, Canada
2 Japan, Europe, South Africa, Middle East, Greenland
3 S.Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Parts of South East Asia
4 Australia, New Zealand, Latin America (including Mexico)
5 Eastern Europe, Russia, India, Africa
Region codes were developed to allow movie distributors to fix the prices in different market areas and also to allow the typical delayed movie distribution chain to exist. Flags are implemented in the video discs that determine the geographic area where the DVD is being sold and where it can be watched. Codes are normally controlled by the players, computers, and software, but since Region codes are unpopular and restrictive, they are increasingly subverted worldwide, even legally.
- The NTSC Standard (National Television System Committee) is used by many countries on the American continent as well as many Asian countries including Japan.
- The PAL standard (Phase Alternating Line) was implemented in most European countries except for France.
- The SECAM standard (Sequential Couleur Avec Memoire or Sequential Colour with Memory) was implemented in France.
Here is good online resource for country-by-country Video Standards: http://www.centralhome.com/ballroomcountry/video_formats.htm